Ethernet is here to stay….

Give businesses a big data pipe and they’ll find a way to fill it. At Lightpath, we can certainly testify to that adage. No sooner did many of our customers cross the 1 gigabit threshold and they start getting hungry for even more bandwidth. In fact, sales of 10G Ethernet lines to our customers nearly doubled in 2013 versus the year prior.

There was a moment when it seemed the next bandwidth jump would be to 40G.

While the industry is still in the early stages, it’s become clear that we’re moving full steam ahead to 100G. Deployments have already begun. Just this past March, Lightpath announced that a media and entertainment company is using our 100G optical transport service to move large volumes of video. Across the industry, deployments will continue to ramp up as demand for ever more bandwidth increases.

So where is the demand for these high-bandwidth services? From our perspective, serving mid-sized and large businesses in the New York metro area, the need is heaviest in the financial and market data services, education, media and healthcare verticals. Some needs are driven by throughput requirements, others by a mass influx of devices on the network.

What’s clear is that we’re not turning back, and there are more use cases for higher-bandwidth services coming to light every day.

Today, 10G Ethernet is either being deployed or heavily evaluated by an increasing number of businesses, with most decisions being financially motivated. In many cases, these customers are maxing out their 1G networks.

When they check on the cost to upgrade, they find that it can be cost-effective to increase all the way to 10G instead of continuing to increase bandwidth in 1G increments. Today, customers will typically opt for 10G if they find that they have a need for more than 2G. This started happening more frequently when the cost ratio hit 5:10 (e.g., it was more cost-effective to buy one 10G line than five bonded 1G lines). For businesses with increasing bandwidth needs, having this amount of headroom in the network puts them in a very comfortable position. Of course, they know by now that another upgrade is in their future, but this buys them some time.

The economics of going from 10G to 100G are improving, which is driving initial deployments.

To be sure, the costs still need to come down to really support mass adoption. But the demand for multiple 10G lines signals that it is just a matter of time before more businesses take the leap to 100G en masse, especially as the costs for the equipment that powers the service continues to drop.

Analyzing Demand

To understand what is driving adoption of 10G and 100G services, it is important to understand how businesses and organizations are changing. In our discussions with financial and market data services, education, media and healthcare verticals, we’re hearing about businesses and markets that continue to transform. While they are each facing unique challenges and pursuing distinct opportunities, they share common ground in that they are looking for more bandwidth to support them.

In the education market, school districts often build out their network in a hub and spoke architecture. In this scenario, the entire district’s files, services and primary Internet connection might be hosted centrally at one location, such as a high school.

Every other school in the district that connects to that high school needs a line that supplies enough bandwidth to support their individual school’s Internet needs, remote storage access and more. The need for high bandwidth services in this market has ballooned as more schools introduce BYOD and “one-to-one” initiatives that are resulting in a mass influx of new devices operated by kids who are experts at gobbling up data.

Larger districts that are supporting these kinds of programs for thousands and thousands of students are starting to find that 1G just doesn’t cut it anymore. Especially as they make increasing use of video conferencing for remote learning and cloud-based education services. We recently had an education customer that placed an order for a 1G line.

Before we even had a chance to deploy, they called us back saying that they’d need to go higher. In our conversations, we’re hearing that while the education market has some serious bandwidth needs, they are likely years away from seriously considering 100G.

This is not the case for financial and market data services companies, which tend to be early adopters when it comes to telecom data services. They were some of our first customers of 10G services and are considered to be 100G early adopters.

Most of our customers in this market place a high value on throughput. If they can get or receive information even microseconds faster than before, they can leverage that as a competitive differentiator.

As the amount of data that financial and market data services companies exchange increases, higher-bandwidth services provide the headroom that lets them maintain the high speeds they need to compete. After all, if the pipe is bigger, more concurrent data streams can fit, reaching their destination more quickly than they would on a lower-bandwidth line. This is part of the reason why 10G took off so early with this market versus bonded 1G lines. Total throughput is better on a dedicated 10G line that can support larger data streams. As the streams get even bigger, the same case will be made for 100G.

If there is any vertical giving financial services a run for its money on the 100G demand front, it is media and entertainment.

In a recent report, Dell’Oro Group estimated that sales of dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) gear would reach $15 billion by 2018, driven in part by the need to support video services.

As service providers support more video over IP to deliver content to any device, and as subscriptions for over the top video services go through the roof, offering lots of content at the highest quality means having a big pipe. The world’s largest media hubs are seeing more and more 100G lines deployed to support the transport of bandwidth-hogging content between facilities. A great example of such a market is the New York metro area, where Lightpath calls home. In the tri-state area, 100G is already a reality for some of the players in this market, and you can count on them to be neck and neck with financial services when it comes time to make the jump to yet another tier.

The healthcare market is undergoing a few major changes that are driving uptake of 10G. Right now, especially in the region we serve, there is continued consolidation of hospitals, which are also acquiring smaller medical practices. The volume of high-res imaging and remote video that they need to support across locations continues to increase. That in itself begs for 10G. But add to that ongoing deployments of electronic medical records systems and increased usage of off-site data centers to support business continuity and disaster recovery requirements, and the need for bandwidth is clear. Like education, it might be at least a couple of years before this market starts talking about needing 100G, but they too will get there.

It’s Not The Bandwidth, It’s How You Deliver It

There are some differences in enabling networks, but for the most part, when it comes to 10G or 100G services, the core bandwidth provided performs similarly upon commissioning from one operator to another. However, the services, network and care that operators put in place to monitor and support the offering is truly what differentiates these services in the market. When customers buy, they’re most interested in hearing about whether the service is delivered unprotected, protected or diverse, and what the underlying latency is. They’re also interested in how the operator will respond if support is needed. These factors involve implementation strategies, SLAs and how quickly a problem can be resolved upon a fault or service degradation. If a trouble issue does arise, another key area of importance for customers is to receive a meaningful and factual explanation as to why the outage happened and what will be done to stop it from happening again.

Of course, reliability and performance are top of mind for any customer relying on data services to drive their business.

To this end, everything from network design to network management policies and proactive monitoring are each important.

Reliability also hinges on a strong underlying transport technology. This is why operators that are leading in the delivery of 10G and 100G services largely turn to wavelength-based solutions when provisioning these offerings.

Operators also choose wavelength- based solutions because of the predictability and flexibility they provide.

For instance, wavelength can be deployed as a dedicated, unshared service between two locations, versus technologies like packet switched that require shared transport. As a result, security and guaranteed bandwidth are assured. This predictability is also conducive to predesigning a route in a way that eliminates points of failure and gives early visibility into what latency will be on the line.

Operators use this to their advantage to design premium low latency routes that are leveraged for critical applications, such as high frequency trading.

Finally, wavelength technology makes use of passive optical gear, which is typically more cost-effective to deploy for high bandwidth solutions when compared to alternative switch-based solutions. This also further contributes to the minimization of overall overhead and latency associated with the transport. For this reason, wavelength-based solutions are also being used by latency-sensitive protocols beyond Ethernet, such as Fibre Channel and applications like HD Video that are sensitive to jitter.

100G Here We Come

Just as it has made economic sense to go from 1G to 10G instead of stepping up in continued increments, that day will come soon for 100G. When it does, even more businesses will have found that they have a need. Given how eager everyone was to bypass 40G, it’s a safe bet that by then, we’ll be discussing the latest 1 terabit deployments.

Are ‘Plug and Play’ Apps for Real?

Do you remember when “plug and play” was brand new? Just take an external device, plug it into say, a USB port. The device was instantly recognized by the operating system and the correct driver was loaded. In just a very short time, the device was ready for use. What made and continues to make “plug and play” great is that it reduces the time it takes to set-up and install an external device. And “plug and play” makes it easier for non-technical folks to use their computers — they don’t have to know anything about the underlying technologies.
Fast forward to 2014. Mobile and cloud-based applications make it possible for businesses to implement the applications they need, when they need them. The only problem is, that it’s not always fast, or easy, to get them to recognize and communicate with each other. Sound familiar? Maybe now is the time for “plug and play” apps.
It all sounds good, doesn’t it? And the concept is definitely not just a “pipe dream”. The main foundation of “plug and play” apps is already available — API’s enabled by open source software such as the Linux operating system, the Apache web server and MySQL database; scripting languages such as PHP, Python & JavaScript; and mainstream web communication protocols HTTP and SSL carrying the JSON data interchange format.
What makes this architecture so powerful (and simple)?
It’s based on widely available and inexpensive technologies.
It doesn’t require highly specialized programming skills.
It isn’t created in a “machine language” — the JSON data interchange format can be read and understood by just about anyone — even non-technical folks.
API’s based on HTTP, SSL and JSON aren’t just cheap and easy to understand, they’re highly scalable too. They’re designed to handle tens of thousands of requests simultaneously. More importantly, they’re designed for resilience and high availability. That means that important business transaction data won’t get lost and companies with global operations can interact with customers 24×7.
“Plug and play” apps will enable companies to think about their business applications in totally new ways. Want to monitor and manage a construction project (using 50 different contractors) across the country? Just add a mobile, field service management application to existing ERP and accounting systems. Need to onboard those contractors to ensure they have the right certifications and receive the safety training they need to comply with state and federal regulations? Add an onboarding app. “Plug and play” apps make it all possible.
Bottom line, with “plug and play” apps, companies can intelligently put together the business solutions they need, when they need them, without worrying about the underlying hardware or, as in the case of an existing ERP system, software infrastructure.
I just plugged in a USB drive to save this blog. Maybe tomorrow I’ll add a voice recognition app to our content management system so I won’t have to type anymore…or….
Dr Raymond Cunningham is the Head of Engineering at FieldAwar

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How to configure or change the configuration on a Polycom 550 or 350 VOIP Phones

find out the ip address of the device
ip will be displayed there
open a browser window place the ip address in the address bar
id is Polycom pass is 9418941962 or 456 depending on the existing configuration on the device.
Then once in you can change the network settings according to your PBX requirements. This also applies to Fonality phones since they use Polycom hardware.

error on line 12: can’t record invalid transaction in QuickBooks

Have quick books 2010 and 2011 and getting error 12 cant record invalid transaction during and import into QB.

here is the fix all…and its QB having a brain [removed]….primarely because the error gives no indication on the problem or how to fix it. Kind of taking over from Microsoft left off lol


. The invoice would not import because the account name in the iff file was Accounts Receivable and the chart of accounts in QB has Accounts Receivable (A/R). I added a new account: Accounts Receivable and it imported with no problem.

Verizon, unions ‘far apart’ as Sunday strike looms

Latest news on the pending Verizon Strike/work stoppage.

latest comment I find ridiculously refreshing….

Union people is a like a commodore 64 compared to technology out there today. Adapt, the world is changing. Look at the old union from England, Germany they have changed to adapt to today’s environment. You don’t want to pay anything for medical? Who are you kidding; you know how many hundreds of thousands of people are without coverage or how many like management employees in many companies that work 50-60 hrs. a week no overtime and gladly pay 50% of their coverage. Who cares who and what Ivan gets paid who and how much taxes are paid by whom…that is not the issue being argued here. You all sound like little kids. If Verizon had any balls they would let you all strike and then replace your sorry a#$

how to change your history of the email addresses you use in outlook also known as the .nk2 file.

NK2 file is the file that gets created and appended to every time you write a new email using outlook. It kind of keeps an history of used email addresses so that makes it easier on the user to find and use an address which had been used in the past. Steps below are how to change or edit these entries to this file.

Correcting Outlook’s Nickname File (.NK2)

One problem with Outlook’s auto completion feature is it accepts what you type. There is no confirmation dialog where you can review your entry. In the example above, I misspelled Hotmail. If I’m not careful and accept the suggestion, I will be sending an email to wrong person. This is a frequent problem for people who don’t create contacts, but prefer to use this file their pseudo address book.

To correct Outlook nickname mistakes,

1. Open an Untitled Message Window in Outlook.

2. Type the first few letters so the bad entry appears on the list.

3. Highlight the item you wish to remove from the auto suggest list. You may need to use your directional keys to move up and down the list.

4. Press your Delete key.
Auto complete mistake example

5. Retype the correct entry in the address line and send the email.

When you close Outlook, your bad entry will be removed and your corrected entry will be added.

User Profile Service service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded

I have come across this error on W7 32 bit prof versions. These are error on machines that have been in environment for some time, so just started to display the error when logging in. If you a secondary id and pass to logon to the machine, logon with it, (must be a admin rights user id) then open reg edit and change the settings as follow.
This will enable profile loging.

Use Registry Editor to add or to modify the following registry entry:
Subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
Entry: UserEnvDebugLevel
Value data: 10002 (Hexadecimal)

Note: UserEnvDebugLevel is given a value of 0x00010002, LOGFILE and VERBOSE are both turned on.

Once completed, logoff the machine, then log back in using the same id and pass which you know will trigger the error again.

The log file is written to the %Systemroot%\Debug\UserMode\Userenv.log file.

open a case with Microsoft, W7 is supported for all users, so once opened you then forward them the logs in order to troubleshoot further.

Best way however, would be to create a new profile id, rename the user folder name that has the issue to .old then log back in if on a AD domain. If you are not on a domain, you will need to recreate the profile.

Change Power Scheme Options in Windows 7 Operating Systems

I had to change this setting using remote registry on networked machines, in the event you need to change this option on W7 with customized settings here are some directions.


To change the preferred power plan, follow these steps:

1.Click Start, type regedit in the Start Search box, and then click regedit.exe in the Programs list. If you are prompted for an administrator password or for confirmation, type your password, or click Continue.
2.Locate and then click the following registry subkey:

1.Right-click PreferredPlan, and then click Modify.
2.In the Value data box, enter one of the following:
◦Type 381b4222-f694-41f0-9685-ff5bb260df2e to use the Balanced plan.
◦Type a1841308-3541-4fab-bc81-f71556f20b4a to use the Power saver plan.
◦Type 8c5e7fda-e8bf-4a96-9a85-a6e23a8c635c to use the High performance plan.
You can also type the power scheme GUID for a custom power plan that you have created. To determine the GUID for all existing power schemes, type Powercfg /List at the command prompt, and then press ENTER.

1.Click OK, and then exit Registry Editor.

Verizon Employees Not Allowed to Get iPhone 4

The iPhone 4 on Verizon is a pretty big deal, especially for Verizon. The carrier has more than likely done everything they can think of to prepare for the masses that will jump onto the network to get the device. But, what you won’t find are Verizon employees with the device in their own hand, ready to show off. We’ve been informed that the iPhone 4 will not be carried by Verizon employees, because the carrier is preventing the phone from being added to employee accounts.

According to an unnamed source, Verizon will not allow employees to carry the iPhone 4 on their employee accounts. Furthermore, Verizon is actually taking the extra step and informing employees that if they do get an iPhone 4 and add it to their employee account, the number will be blacklisted from the account altogether. When asked for more details, the source was unable to provide any more, as they were not told much more.

The employees were also not given a date as to when they would be able to add the flagship device for Verizon’s network to their employee accounts. It seems odd that Verizon wouldn’t want the handset to be in employee’s hands, so that they could talk to customers about it. It would not be hard to imagine that some Verizon employees have never used the device, and having only one or two, maybe three demo models floating around a store wouldn’t seem good enough preparation for a major launch like this.

[thanks, Source:]

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How to Add Background Music to Your WordPress Blog

If you want to add background music to your WordPress blog, all you need to do is follow a few simple steps. First, access your WordPress dashboard by logging in with your admin username and password. Then, scroll down the left side of the admin menu to find the Plugins section. Click on the Add New link.

In the search box of the Plugins Add New page, type in Audio Playlist Manager with Autoresume, then click on the Search Plugins button. When the results page appears, you will have the option to view the Details of this plugin or click on the Install link. It is always best to read the Details information to ensure that the plugin is compatible with your current version of Worpress. As of 2-1-11, this plugin is compatible up to WordPress version 3.0.4. After reading the Details, click on the Install link.

This plugin will allow you to embed audio into both posts and templates. You can customize the plugin so that the audio resumes automatically for continuous playback across page loads, with only a pause between pages.

After the plugin has been installed, access the Plugins page to make sure that the plugin has been activated. It will appear in the Plugins list as Tierra Audio with Autoresume. Once the plugin is activated, it can further be customized.

In the Tools section of the admin menu, you will see the link for the Tierra Audio Playlist Plugin. Click on the link and create your playlist by following the instructions on the page. After the playlist has been created, you can click on the preview/embed link to find the shortcodes that can be used to place in posts or in your template.

However, the simplest way to activate your playlist is to access is through the Widgets area. Go to the Appearance menu of the admin menu, then click on Widgets. In the Available Widgets section, you should see a widget entitled Tierra Audio Playlist Player. Click on the widget and drag it to your sidebar area. Click on the down arrow to open up the audio player and customize the options you want. Click on the Save button, then visit your site to ensure that the background music is working.

For an example of a site using this plugin, visit Frisco Fury. The volume is set at 50. Keep in mind that not everyone expects to hear music when they access a web page, so you may want to keep the volume at 50 or lower so as not to cause someone to want to leave your site.